A fire protection standard is a document with mandatory provisions to indicate requirements for planning, installation and maintenance of fire extinguishing systems (such as sprinkler systems, water mist -, gas – and foam systems). Overall requirements demanded from the components, such as performance, specifications and listings, is to some degree included.
Fire protection standards can be written by independent organizations (NFPA, VDS, BSi etc.), insurance associations (CEA) or State authorities (CNBOP, OKF etc.) to minimize the possibility and effects of fires.
The standards are primarily used in the country of origin, but other countries can adopt a standard in lieu of their own.
|Standard writers||Country of origin|
|NFPA, National Fire Protection Association||USA|
|VdS, Vertrauen durch Sicherheit||Germany|
|BS, British Standard||England|
|AS, Australian Standard||Australia|
|UNI, Italian Standards||Italy|
|CEN, European Committee For Standardisation||EU countries|
|CEPREVEN, Centro Nacional de Prevención de Danõs y Pérdidas||Spain|
|APSAD, Assemblee Pleniere des Societes d'Assurances Dommages||France|
|SAC, Standardization Administration of China||China|
|NPB, Norms of Fire Safety||Russia|
|SABS, South African Bureau of Standards||South Africa|
|SBF, Svenska Brandskyds Förening||Sweden|
|DBI, Dansk Brand- og sikringsteknisk Institut||Denmark|
European countries intend to harmonize the EN standards all over Europe, instead of having individual fire standards in each country.
A fire protection standard typically describes :
- the planning (buildings, hazard types, design criteria, water supplies, components)
- the installation (type, design characteristics, pipe-work, commissioning)
- the maintenance (user inspection and test, service and maintenance schedule)
The building owner will decide the standard to be used in collaboration with his insurance company and local authority having jurisdiction (AHJ). The insurance company will have a major influence as to which standard will be used to ensure proper functionality and quality, since the insurance company will try to minimize damages and loss of human lives.